Oregon State Hospital – documents and photos

Here are a bundle of documents and historical photographs of the Oregon State Hospital. These come from a variety of sources, including the State Archives and the State Library (which are fairly unsearchable through Google or Bing or other search engines). Some of the items come from our personal collection.

Oregon State Hospital Training

Oregon State Hospital Training


Female inmates receive nurse’s aid training at the Oregon State Hospital in the mid-1960s. (Board of Control Records, Photographs, box 4, separated from State Institution Research Reports, box 76, folder 23)


Columbia Park Hospital Nurses - 1968

Columbia Park Hospital Nurses - 1968


Nurses display handicrafts created by patients at the Columbia Park Hospital and Training Center in a 1968 biennial report. (Board of Control Records, Photographs, box 4, separated from State Institution Research Reports, box 76, folder 23)


Circuit Rider Statue

Circuit Rider Statue


This color lithograph depicts the Circuit Rider statue in front of the Oregon State Capitol in 1924. The lithograph was included in theprogram commemorating the dedication of the statue. The Capitol was destroyed by fire in 1935 and the statue was moved to the east side of the current Capitol. (Board of Control Records, Circuit Rider Statue Dedication Program, box 82)


Proposed Oregon State Building - 1938

Proposed Oregon State Building - 1938


This architectural drawing depicts a proposed Oregon State Building in Portland. The drawing was created in circa 1938. The Board of Control oversaw the construction and maintenance of numerous state buildings. (Board of Control Records, Photographs, box 1, separated from State Building Construction Records, box 17, folder 9)


Oregon State Hospital Roller Skating - 1962

Oregon State Hospital Roller Skating - 1962


Roller skating at the Oregon State Hospital in the late-1960s. (Board of Control Records, Photographs, box 4, separated from State Institution Research Reports, box 76, folder 23)


Oregon State Hospital Storm Damage - 1962

Oregon State Hospital Storm Damage - 1962


A boy surveys some of the damage on the grounds of the Oregon State Hospital in the wake of the Columbus Day Storm of 1962. The storm caused extensive damage on the hospital campus and throughout much of Oregon. (Board of Control Records, Photographs, box 1, separated from State Institutions Correspondence, box 46, folder 11)


Oregon State Insane Asylum in about 1905

Oregon State Insane Asylum in about 1905


Civilian defense officials wanted to use various state institutions for housing in the event of an emergency during the war. Shown above is the exercise yard at the Oregon State Insane Asylum in about 1905. (Photo no. OSH0023, Oregon State Hospital Records, OSA)

A Bushel of Shoes, by Dean Brooks, MD. Brooks was superintendent of the Oregon State Hospital. From Journal of Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 1969.

Description of A Patient’s Memories from the 1960s – OHQ article with interview with OSH superintendent Joe Treleven by former patient C L Brown, June 2007

A Turning Point for Mental Health Programs in Oregon, by J. D. Bray, October 1973.

Dean Brooks, Superintendent and Actor, Talks About Cuckoo’s Nest, interview from Journal of Hospital and Community Psychiatry, January 1977.
A Three-Decade Perspective on Community and Public Psychiatry Training in Oregon, by Rupert Goetz, MD, David L Cutler, MD, David Pollack, MD, Neil Falk, MD, Elizabeth Birecree, MD, Bentson McFarland, MD, PhD, George Keepers, MD, Dale Walker, MD. From Psychiatric Services, September 1998.

A Model for Management and Treatment of Insanity Acquittees, a description of the Psychiatric Security Review Board. From Psychiatric Services, November 1994. Received the APA Gold Award for outstanding contribution to the mental health field.

The Fatigue Syndrome, by Dr. Herman Dickel and Dr. Henry Dixon, AJN June 1953. American Journal of Nursing, June 1953. Dickel and Dixon were at University of Oregon Medical School.

Insanity Defenses: Contested or Conceded? by Jeffrey L. Rogers, J.D., Joseph D. Bloom, M.D., and Spero M. Manson, Ph.D. From American Journal of Psychiatry, July 1984.

Residency Curriculum in Forensic Psychiatry, by Joseph Bloom, MD, David Kinzie, MD, James Shore, MD. From American Journal of Psychiatry, June 1980. This article describes the public psychiatry training program at OHSU.

Training in Social Psychiatry at Ward Level, by Maxwell Jones, MD. From an unknown journal, 1963. Jones was director of education and research at the Oregon State Hospital.

Society and the Sociopath, by Maxwell Jones, MD. From an unknown journal, 1962. Jones was director of education and research at the Oregon State Hospital.

Civil Commitment Is Disappearing in Oregon, by Joseph Bloom, MD. From the Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 2006. Bloom is Dean Emeritus at OHSU.

Characteristics of State Hospital Patients Who Are Hard to Place, by Douglas A. Bigelow, PhD, David L. Cutler, MD, Laurie J. Moore, MD, Peggy McComb, it N., MN, Paul Leung, MD. From the Journal of Hospital and Community Psychiatry, February 1988. Bigelow et al were associated with OHSU or the Oregon VA.

Training Psychiatrists to Work with Community Support Systems for Chronically Mentally Ill Persons, by David Cutler, MD, Joseph Bloom, MD, James Shore MD. American Journal of Psychiatry, January 1981. This article describes the OHSU community psychiatry training program at OSH.

The Last Half-Century of Psychiatric Services as Reflected in Psychiatric Services, by Jeffrey Geller, MD. From Psychiatric Services, January 2000. Good national overview of community mental health services.

Oregon State Hospital, Guidelines and Standards Regarding the Appropriate Medical Uses of Electroconvulsive Therapy. From Convulsive Therapy, 1988.

Letter from J. C. Evans, OSH Superintendent to R. H. Mills, Secretary of the Board of Control, asking for permission to begin providing lobotomies, 1947.

A Survey of the State Mental Health Institutions of Oregon, conducted by the United States Public Health Service, 1940.

Emergent Issues in the Public MH System 1995. This document was created for the the state legislature by OMHS number-cruncher Jim Carlson. This is a great example of public psych gobbledegook – lingo which bloomed in the 1980s and had taken over by this point.

Frontier Asylum The Oregon Insane Hospital 1861-1883. This appears to be a history dissertation by Rick Hydrick written in 1978. Collected from James H. Beck, grandson of Dr. James Hawthorne.

Tarrytown Tattler, June 1943. This is a patient-collected newsletter which ran under different headings from at least 1932 to 1962. These were created on a mimeograph machine, and required considerable planning and perfect typing and This issue is a particularly terrific example of a lost artform – keyboarding – using the typewriter to create patterns and forms.

Tarrytown Tattler, January 1943.

Lamplighter, February 1963 – 50 MB PDF. This is a patient-made newsletter from OSH.

Brooks to Unger (OSH 1951). This seems to be a transcript of a tour of the OSH, perhaps by Dean Brooks. There is a light penciled title “Oregon State Hospital 1951.”

History of Care of Insane in Oregon

History Oregon Forensic Psychiatric Center

Major Changes and Improvements within Institutions 1955-1965

Medical Illness Among Chronically Mentally Ill Patients

Herman Dickel’s History of Psychiatry in Oregon – 46 MB

Battle of the Beds. Created by Barry Kast, head of AMH, in March 2005 as a portion of a presentation to the state legislature.

Mental Commitments: the Judicial Function – a Case Perspective, by Arthur LaFrance, former Dean of Health Law at Lewis & Clark Law School. Great commentary on the ’boutique’ nature of Multnomah County’s civil commitment process. From the Journal of Psychiatry and the Law, 1995 – 152 Pgs, 9 MB.

Barry Kast Interviews

Here are a set of interviews by state mental health director Barry Kast created with Karen Unger in preparation to write a history of mental health services in Oregon.

Karen Unger’s Plan – to write a history of mental health services in Oregon, 1945 to present.

Interview with Joseph Bloom, Dean of Psychiatry – April 1999

Interview with Don Bray, administrator of the Mental Health Division – 1971-1979

Interview with Dean Brooks, Superintendent of the Oregon State Hospital – 1955-1981