1905: Alaska Natives with mental illness shipped to Portland, locked in Morningside Hospital

Native Voices SSOur History: In 1905, a Portland hospital got a contract to incarcerate Alaska Natives with mental illness

The U.S. contracted with a private hospital in Portland, Oregon, to incarcerate persons with mental illness from the Territory of Alaska. Alaska Natives are among those sent by court order to Morningside Hospital. Many live in the facility for the rest of their lives. In most cases, their families lose contact with them.

Patients' arms are restrained during a visit of inspectors to Morningside Hospital. From 1904 to the 1960s, Alaskans who needed mental health services were sent to Morningside Hospital in Portland, Oregon.

Patients’ arms are restrained during a visit of inspectors to Morningside Hospital. From 1904 to the 1960s, Alaskans who needed mental health services were sent to Morningside Hospital in Portland, Oregon.
Women patients doing needlework and making baskets in front of a women's cottage on the grounds of Morningside Hospital, 1915
Women patients doing needlework and making baskets in front of a women’s cottage on the grounds of Morningside Hospital, 1915